Annexation Petitions Approvals or Permits Issued Key Steps in the Process Submittal Requirements Expected Processing Time Fees Next Steps
State laws allow cities to annex property so they can provide essential services to urbanized areas in an orderly and efficient way. Municipalities must provide annexed areas with services such as police and fire protection, water and sewer lines, recreation, solid waste collection and street maintenance.
Annexations by the City of Raleigh are voluntary and result from petitions by landowners who want City water and sewer services. City policy (Resolution 1993-208) requires owners of property outside the Raleigh City limits to submit annexation petitions before they can connect to City utilities. This applies to property that is already developed or proposed for development. The petitioners and successive property owners are responsible for the costs of utilities extended to and within the annexed area.
To determine if your property is outside of Raleigh City Limits, search the iMAPS website by searching for your address with the Parcel, Jurisdictions, and Corporate Limits layers activated.
City policy (Resolution 2008-460 and Resolution 2009-22) is not to accept annexation petitions for property outside the City’s extraterritorial jurisdiction, or ETJ, except in limited circumstances. The ETJ is an area outside the City limits where the City has jurisdiction over planning and zoning regulations.
The City generally does not annex areas beyond its ETJ to avoid having parts of the City that are separate from other areas where it provides services. A petitioner seeking annexation of property outside the ETJ must simultaneously file a Rezoning Application.
Annexation petitions can be requested by landowners who would like to receive the City of Raleigh water and sewer services. To start the annexation process, petitioners must fill out an Annexation Petition Application and submit it to the Planning and Development Department by mail or hand delivery. Please submit an original, wet signature. To mail the petition:
Attn: Sarah Shaughnessy
City of Raleigh
Planning and Development Department
P.O. Box 590, Raleigh NC, 27601
Petitioners will soon be able to track the progress of their annexation case through the Permit and Development Portal. The Portal will allow petitioners to track the progress of their annexation petition and the subsequent steps for their case from initial filing to Public Hearing decision by City Council. Applicants will need to create an account to access information on their annexation petition and to follow along in the process. Future phases will allow petitioners to file the annexation case completely online.
Key Steps in the Process
- A property owner submits an Annexation Petition Application and other required documents to the Planning and Development Department.
- City staff reviews petition and notifies the petitioner of any deficiencies. If the petition is sufficient, staff submits it to City Council with recommendations for proceeding with annexation consideration.
- City Council reviews staff recommendations and schedules a public hearing on the proposed annexation or defers action. The petitioner is notified of Council’s decision.
- At the Public Hearing, the petitioner and other members of the public may speak. Council then approves or denies the annexation.
- If the Council approves the annexation, the petitioner receives notification of the decision, a copy of the ordinance with the effective date of the annexation and a resolution showing the Council Districts that represent the property.
|Required for Submittal||
Expected Processing Time
- Approximately 40 to 60 business days from submittal of petition to approval of annexation
- More time required for requests involving notification of other municipalities and/or rezoning
- There is a fee for annexation petitions that varies based on the type of annexation. Reference the Development Fee Guide, located on the Development Fee Guide and Calculator webpage to view the most current fees.
- Fees must be paid at the time of submittal. Payment is processed through the Permit and Development Portal.
- Property owners are subject to City property taxes upon annexation. Property is taxed on a fiscal year basis (July 1 to June 30). City tax rates are set annually. If necessary, arrange with your mortgage company to establish proper escrow accounts for local tax liability.
- If applicable, you may be required to pay annual motor vehicle license fees (collected by the county).
- You may be charged monthly solid waste fees and stormwater fees.
- Developers or property owners are responsible for utility extensions or installations.
- Fee-in-lieu assessments for street or sidewalk construction projects previously undertaken by the City are due upon annexation.
Services received upon annexation:
Residents of newly-annexed areas receive City services, including:
- Police Department | Emergency assistance, crime prevention, traffic enforcement, investigations, animal control, etc.
- Fire Department | First emergency responder, medical and rescue assistance, fire code inspections, fire prevention education, etc.
- Transportation Department | Street maintenance, resurfacing and cleaning, sidewalk repair, pothole repair, curb and gutter repair, storm drainage maintenance, transportation services, street lighting.
- Solid Waste Services | Collection of garbage, yard waste, recycling, bulky items, special loads, leaves, etc. Initiation of solid waste services by the city post-annexation is not automatic. Once annexed, it is the responsibility of the petitioner to contact Solid Waste Services to set up an account. Failure to do so will result in the petitioner not being served by the city's Solid Waste Services. For more information, please call (919) 996-3245 or reach out by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Stormwater Management | Maintenance of storm drains, water quality monitoring, soil/erosion/illicit discharge investigation, etc.
- Parks, Recreation and Cultural Resources | Art centers, parks, lakes, greenways, community centers, leisure activities, summer camps, aquatics, adult and senior activities, etc.
- Public Utilities | Water and sewer service. Connection to City utility services is not automatic post-annexation. It is the responsibility of the petitioner to request Public Utility services and set up a Public Utilities Service account in order to request City services. For more information, please call (919) 996-3245 or reach out by email at email@example.com.
- In some instances, a property owner may be connected to a City utility service prior to annexation and paying outside-city rates. Transition to inside-city rates is not automatic. Once annexed, it is the responsibility of the petitioner to contact Public Utilities to update existing account information, including that the property is within city limits. Failure to do so will result in the petitioner to continue paying outside-city rates for City-provided services. For more information, please call (919) 996-3245 or reach out by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Services from other City departments, including Planning and Development Department, Housing & Neighborhoods, and Communications.