Planning and Development Glossary

Artisan. A skilled worker who produces handicrafts.

Awning. A fixed, permanent, or retractable fabric cover that is attached to the wall of a building and that projects over an entrance or window into public space.

Cart Operation Area. The surface area required for the operation of a pushcart, measuring a maximum of 100 square feet (including the area immediately beneath the pushcart).

Competing Business. Businesses that are of similar nature or providing the same type of products or services.

Encroachment. Any privately-owned object, equipment, signage, or materials situated on, affixed to, or overhanging any public spaces including, but not limited to canopies, awnings, and street furniture.

Encroachment Committee. A committee comprised of representatives from various City departments that reviews and makes recommendations to the approval authority for proposed encroachments on public right-of-way. spaces.

Established Businesses. Businesses housed within a building or a permanent immobile structure, with frontage on the public right-of-way.

Garden Zone. On Fayetteville Street, the 19-foot wide area on each side of the street between the Walking Zone (immediately adjacent to the building fronts) and the street.

Handicraft. Products made by a silversmith, weaver, jeweler, candle maker, wood carver, needle crafter, quilter, potter, maker of fragrances/ incense, leatherworker, or makers of other handcrafted products.

Home-based Business. Any business where the primary office is located in the owner's home.

Illuminated Sign. Any sign lit by electricity or any other source of power, or illuminated in any manner.

Logo Signs. A type of projecting sign, the graphic image of which must be based upon the building tenant's business logo.

Merchandise. Items offered for retail sales including, but not limited, to plants, flowers, clothing, jewelry, ornaments, art work, food or beverages, or other goods or wares.

Minor Encroachments. Uses of a public space which are largely temporary or minor in nature, posing little long-term physical impact, and which can be removed with relative ease if desired.

Modular Newsrack. A newsrack designed with multiple separate enclosed compartments to accommodate at any one time the display, sale, or distribution of multiple distinct and separate newspapers or other publications.

Newsrack. Any self-service container, storage unit, or other dispenser installed, used, or maintained for the distribution of newspapers or other publications. A newsrack is typically designed as a single enclosed compartment.

Non-competing Businesses. Businesses that are not of similar nature or providing the same type of products or services.

Outdoor Dining Area. An area in front of or immediately adjacent to a restaurant and located in public space whereon tables, chairs, or benches are placed for dining purposes.

Outdoor Merchandise Area. An area in front of or immediately adjacent to a retail business where merchandise is located on a public sidewalk for the purposes of displaying, exhibiting, selling, or offering for sale merchandise.

Parklet. A Parklet is a publicly accessible temporary sidewalk extension in the right-of-way. An example would be a seating area that occupies a parking space outside a downtown business.

Private Use. Intended for or restricted to the use of a particular person or group or class of persons; not available to the general public.

The Downtown Private Use of Public Spaces handbook lists specific private uses that are permitted on the city’s public spaces subject to the issuance of a valid city permit. Permits are issued upon meeting all required standards specified for the respective private use within the PUPs Handbook and the City Code.

Projecting Sign. A sign end-mounted or otherwise attached to an exterior wall of a building, and which projects from the wall more than 6".

Public space. An interest in land to the City which provides for the perpetual right and privilege of the City, its agents, franchise holders, successors, and assigns to construct, install, improve, reconstruct, remove, replace, inspect, repair, maintain, and use a public street, including related and customary uses of street rights-of-way such as sidewalks, bike paths, landscaping, mass transit facilities, traffic control devices and signage, sanitary sewer, storm water drainage, water supply, cable television, electric power, gas, and telephone transmission and related purposes in, upon, over, below, and across the rights-of-way. The City is authorized to remove, and keep removed from the rights-of-way all trees, vegetation, and other obstructions as is determined to be necessary by the City to maintain, repair, and protect facilities located in the realm.

Pushcart. Wheeled cart which may be moved by one person without the assistance of a motor and which is designed and used for displaying, keeping, or storing any articles for sale by a vendor.

Pushcart Vendor. A person who offers for sale food, beverages, or other merchandise from a pushcart in public space.

Sale. An event or series of events during which goods, wares, and merchandise are offered for sale to the public.

Street. The term street, when used herein, shall be construed to embrace all streets, avenues, boulevards, roads, alleys, lanes, squares, bridges, viaducts, tunnels, causeways, and sidewalks, lying within the street realm, and all other public highways in the City.

Sidewalk. All the areas legally open to public use as a pedestrian public way between the curb line and public space boundary along the abutting property.

Sidewalk Clearance. Unobstructed sidewalk space open to pedestrian travel adjacent to streetscape elements (such as utility poles, vending carts, benches, or tree grates).

Sign. Any medium, including its structure and component parts, which is used or intended to be used to attract attention for identification, noncommercial expression, announcement, or advertising purposes.

Street Block Face. One side of a street between two consecutive street intersections.

Street Furniture. Benches, planters, flower boxes/pots, or other objects constructed or used outdoors.

Street Performances. Acting, singing, playing musical instruments, pantomime, mime, magic, dancing, juggling, or the sale of visual art and wares produced by the artist on site. The definition does not include picketing, parades, and other activities regulated elsewhere in the City Code.

Street Performers. Individuals who perform, as defined herein, on the streets of the City of Raleigh.

Treated Wood. Pressure treated wood utilizing preservative chemicals (copper sulphate, arsenate, etc.).

Vegetation Impact Permit. This permit defines the activities and conditions that are permitted to take place on trees that are located on the public right-of-way or public controlled areas. A request form must be submitted with the scope of work outlined and the work approved by the Urban Forester before the permit will be granted.

Vendor/ Artisan. A person who offers for sale crafts, non-food plants, or other goods which that individual has personally produced or created.

Walking Zone. On Fayetteville Street, the 12-foot wide zone along the storefronts on both sides of the street.



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Planning and Development